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Readjusting to New Sleep Routines: Overcoming Insomnia and Jet Lag

A vital component of health and wellbeing is sleep. But our regular travel schedules, high-stress settings, and modern lifestyles frequently interfere with our natural sleep cycles. Jet lag and insomnia are two frequent sleep disorders that can significantly affect general health and day-to-day functioning. In order to help people overcome jet lag and insomnia, this article examines the mechanics underlying various sleep problems and provides solutions for adjusting to new sleep patterns.

The causes and symptoms of insomnia

A frequent sleep disorder called insomnia is defined by ongoing trouble getting to sleep, remaining asleep, or getting restorative sleep. It may be chronic (lasting longer than three months) or acute (short-term). Insomnia has a variety of reasons, which can include:

Stress and anxiety: 

Anxiety can be brought on by worries about one’s health, relationships, or job at night.

Ineffective sleep practices include irregular sleep schedules, too much screen time before bed, and uncomfortable sleeping conditions.

Medical conditions: 

Respiratory, gastrointestinal, and chronic pain disorders can all cause sleep disturbances.


A number of medications for depression, high blood pressure, and asthma can cause sleep disturbances.

Lifestyle factors: 

Drinking alcohol, cigarettes, and caffeine can all have a detrimental impact on how well you sleep.

Recognizing Sleeping Patterns

Circadian rhythms, which are 24-hour cycles governed by an internal biological clock found in the brain, control human sleep. These cycles affect the body’s temperature, hormone secretion, sleep-wake cycles, and other essential processes. Exposure to light serves as the main cue for circadian rhythm regulation, since it informs the brain to modify the production of the hormone melatonin, which promotes sleep.

Causes and Symptoms of Jet Lag

When a person’s internal circadian clock and the new time zone they have gone to are out of sync, it can result in jet lag. There are several symptoms that might result from this desynchronization, such as:

Sleep difficulties include difficulty settling down, having trouble waking up too early, or both.

Daytime fatigue: 

The inability to get to sleep at night yet still feeling exhausted during the day.

Cognitive deficits include diminished mental ability, trouble focusing, and memory issues.

Mood swings: despair, anxiety, and irritability.

The amount of time zones traveled, the direction of travel (traveling east is typically more difficult than traveling west), and the person’s susceptibility to variations in their sleep-wake cycle are some of the elements that determine how severe jet lag is.

Methods for Getting Over Jet Lag

1. Adjustments Made Before Travel

Gradual Shift: 

Depending on the direction of travel, begin modifying your sleep routine a few days prior to departure by going to bed and waking up an hour earlier or later each day.

Optimize Light Exposure: 

If you’re heading east, expose yourself to bright light in the morning; if you’re moving west, do the same in the evening. This assists in adjusting your internal clock to match the time zone of your destination.

2. While Traveling

Maintain Hydration: 

During the journey, stay hydrated by drinking lots of water and avoiding alcohol and caffeine. Dehydration can increase the symptoms of jet lag.

Sleep Wisely: 

Aim to get your rest on the plane in accordance with the time zone of your destination. Utilize earplugs and eye masks to establish a comfortable sleeping environment.

3. Following Arrival Techniques

Light therapy: 

To control your circadian rhythms, expose yourself to natural sunshine or use light boxes. During the day, spend time outside, particularly if you’re traveling east in the morning.

Supplemental melatonin: 

Melatonin can assist in informing your body when it’s time to go to sleep. The adjustment to the new time zone can be facilitated by taking melatonin tablets at the right time.

Nap Wisely: 

To prevent disrupting your evening sleep, try to keep naps to no more than 20 to 30 minutes.

Methods for Overcoming Sleeplessness

1. Create a Consistent Sleep Schedule

Maintain a Regular Routine: Even on the weekends, go to bed and wake up at the same times every day. Your body’s natural sleep-wake cycle is strengthened by this.

Establish a relaxing bedtime routine by reading, having a warm bath, or listening to music that will relax you before bed. Steer clear of mentally taxing activities like watching TV or using electronics.

2. Establish a Sleep-Friendly Ambience

Ideal Sleep Environment: 

Make sure your bedroom is quiet, dark, and cold. Invest in pillows and a comfy mattress.

Reduce Screen Time: 

Blue light from computers, phones, and tablets can disrupt the manufacture of melatonin. Switch off electronics a minimum of one hour before going to bed.

Control Light and Noise: 

To filter out distractions, use white noise machines, eye masks, or earplugs.

3. Techniques for Relaxation and Mindfulness

Exercises for Deep Breathing: 

To help you de-stress, engage in deep breathing.

Yoga and meditation: 

Both mindfulness meditation and mild yoga can lower stress and enhance the quality of your sleep.

Progressive Muscle Relaxation: 

Beginning at your toes and working your way up, gradually tense and relax each muscle group in your body.

4. Changes in Lifestyle

Restrict Your Caffeine and Alcohol Use: 

These substances might make it difficult for you to fall asleep and stay asleep, so avoid them right before bed.

Frequent Exercise: 

Get regular exercise, but steer clear of strenuous activities right before bed. Exercise can lessen the symptoms of insomnia and assist to manage sleep patterns.

Balanced Diet: 

Eat a well-balanced diet, avoiding large meals right before bed. Almonds and bananas, two foods high in tryptophan and magnesium, can help you sleep better.


Technological Approaches

1. Tracking Devices for Sleep

Apps for smartphones and wearable technology can track sleep habits and offer feedback to enhance the quality of sleep. These gadgets monitor the length, phases, and disruptions of sleep, providing information about sleeping patterns.

2. Intelligent Sleep Environments

Cutting-edge innovations such as climate control systems, adjustable lighting, and smart mattresses allow people to customize their ideal sleeping environments to suit their preferences.

Methods of Psychotherapy to Enhance Sleep

1. Insomnia Treatment with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT-I)

A systematic therapy called CBT-I assists people in recognizing and altering the unfavorable ideas and actions that fuel insomnia. Important elements consist of:

Sleep Restriction: 

Initially, just allow as much time as necessary to spend in bed for sleeping, then progressively extend that period.

Stimulus Control: 

Only going to bed when you’re tired and only connecting the bed with sleep and sex.

Cognitive restructuring involves questioning and changing inaccurate sleep-related attitudes.

2. Therapy based on acceptance and commitment (ACT)

ACT emphasizes committing to behavior changes that are consistent with personal beliefs and accepting negative thoughts and feelings instead of resisting them. This strategy can encourage healthy sleep habits and lessen anxiety related to sleep.

In summary

A comprehensive strategy is needed to adjust to new sleep patterns, whether they are the result of jet lag or insomnia. The quality of sleep can be greatly enhanced by comprehending the underlying causes and putting a variety of behavioral, environmental, and psychological methods into practice. Proactively addressing sleep disruptions can improve people’s general well-being, efficiency, and standard of living.

Sleep is an active process that is essential for both physical and mental recovery; it is not only a passive condition of rest. Our capacity to create efficient treatments for sleep disorders advances along with our comprehension of sleep science. Whether you are a frequent traveler dealing with jet lag or a person suffering from chronic insomnia, there are many

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